What were the effects of colonialism in Kenya? There are a lot of positive factors that the colonial government and establishment helped bring to kenya, such as. Introduced modern day government institution. Just but to mention a few.
November "All the new nations faced severe problems, for political independence did not automatically bring them prosperity and happiness They were still bound to Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Publishers,p. Around the world today, intractable conflict is found in many areas that were once colonized or controlled by Western European or Soviet powers i.
The source of many of these protracted conflicts, in large part, lies in past colonial or Soviet policies, and especially those regarding territorial boundaries, the treatment of indigenous populations, the privileging of some groups over others, the uneven distribution of wealth, local governmental infrastructures, and the formation of non-democratic or non-participatory governmental systems.
It is therefore essential, if one wants to understand intractable conflict and its causesto examine not only the issues and problems of the moment, but also influential historical factors -- most notably, past colonial and Soviet policies -- and their lingering effects.
Colonial and Soviet Expansionism Western colonial expansion began during the 15th century when Spanish and Portuguese explorers conquered "new" lands in the West Indies and the Americas. It continued for over years, and ended with the start of the first World War.
By that time western powers such as Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Belgium, Portugal and Spain, spurred on by their competitive desire to acquire new lands and resources, had colonized the whole of Africa and the areas that we know today as the Americas, Oceania, Australia, New Zealand, the Caribbean, the Middle East, and many parts of Asia.
By mid-century, due to lands gained through an aggressive expansionist policy and through post-World War II treaties, the Soviet Empire gained control of all of Russia and most of Central Asia and Eastern Europe. During these periods of expansion, Western European and Soviet powers formed new colonial multiethnic provinces e.
They did so with little regard for the people living in the newly controlled areas, or for existing geographic or cultural boundaries. The new multiethnic colonial territories and Soviet states were maintained, upheld, and controlled through the use of violence, and through the implementation of imperialist policies.
Certain populations were denied their political, economic, social, and human rights. Imperialist policies promoted ethnic rivalry by favoring one group above the others, distributed resources in an unequal manner, disallowed democratic governments, and prohibited local participation in governmental decisions and actions.
Issues Affecting Postcolonial and Post-Soviet States By the s, after years of fighting for independence, most Western colonial territories e. Sovereigntyhowever, did not bring with it freedom from imperialist influences.
Colonial legacies were visible in the desire of the new governments to keep the boundaries that were created during colonial times, in the promotion of ethnic rivalry, in the continuation of inhumane and unjust actions against minority populations, and in the practice of distributing the country's resources in an uneven manner.
Also, after being under foreign rule for decades, newly independent governments often lacked governmental institutions, good governance skills, and the governing experience needed to effectively rule their newly sovereign nations.
In most cases, the transition from colonial province to independent state was a violent and arduous journey. Many post-Soviet states e. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early s, conflicts involving borders, ethnic rivalry, human-rights violations, and the uneven distribution of resources raged through former Soviet regions e.
In addition, many post-Soviet governments were plagued by a lack of governmental institutions, good governance skills, and governmental experience. Issues of particular importance included: Boundaries "Over a hundred new nations were born during the process of de-colonization.
Most of these new nations, however, As a result, a number of boundary conflicts have arisen within post-colonial and post-Soviet territories. Parties to these conflicts justify and legitimate their side's position, using different historical boundaries as evidence for their claims.
For example, the Libya-Chad conflict involves a dispute oversquare kilometers of territory, known as the Aouzou Strip. For example, when the Soviets took control of the Ferghana Valley in Central Asia, they created boundaries that separated members of the same ethnic group i.
This practice of favoring one group, or of giving one group a higher status in colonial society, created and promoted inter-group rivalries. The conflict between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots has its roots in ethnic rivalry encouraged during British colonial rule.
During this time, Turkish and Greek populations were often played against one another as a means of maintaining control on the island. For example, as Greek Cypriots pushed for self-rule, the British encouraged Turkish Cypriots to actively oppose them.
By the time the British pulled out of Cyprus inthey had helped cleave deep divisions between the Greek and Turkish populations.
The new independent nation, equally ruled by Greeks and Turks, soon was embroiled in ethnic conflict. Greek Cypriots wanted the entire island to become part of Greece, while Turkish Cypriots wanted the northern part of the island to become an independent Turkish state.
Consequently, hostilities between the two groups escalated to the point of violence.1.
Discuss the effects of colonization on the Arica’s social Economic development. Topics: Mwai Kibaki, Question 1 (8 marks) Using supply-and-demand diagrams, show and explain the effect of the following events on the market for woollen jumpers.
An outbreak of ‘foot-and-mouth’ disease hits farms in .
Unit 1: Exploration and Colonization. STUDY. PLAY. founding of Jamestown, first permanent English settlement in North America, significant because it became a profitable venture producing tobacco and using enslaved Africans; from Jamestown colonial settlement spread to later include Williamsburg.
o Effects - farming, trade, and large. Nov 25, · One of the main objectives of imperialism and colonialism was to exploit the colonies and their inhabitants to generate economic wealth for the mother country and her corporations.
As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 75, lessons in math, English, science, history, and more.
Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. Colonization (or colonisation) is a process by which a central system of power dominates the surrounding land and its components.
The term is derived from the Latin word colere, which means "to inhabit". But it would be fair to characterize the European effect on Native peoples as the end of their world. Once colonization had happened and was widespread, nothing would ever be the same for them again.