A biography and life work of hernan cortes a spanish conquistador

Andagoya eventually established contact with several Native American curacas chiefssome of whom he later claimed were sorcerers and witches. Having reached as far as the San Juan River part of the present boundary between Ecuador and Colombia Andagoya fell ill and returned to Panama. Inwhile still in Panama, Pizarro formed a partnership with a priest, Hernando de Luque and a soldier, Diego de Almagroto explore and conquer the South.

A biography and life work of hernan cortes a spanish conquistador

Cortes was a self-made man who was a bastard son to a Spanish noble. While Cortes accomplished much in his sixty-two years he would become infamous for his actions against the Aztec Civilization.

Hernan Cortes successfully defeated the Aztecs and destroyed their civilization. The death of a civilization did not come easy and throughout Cortes showed an uncanny ability to lead men through some of the darkest moments.

His success against the Aztecs should not cause us to cover up his brutality against the Aztec people. Early Life Hernan Cortes was born in in Spain. His family had a distinguished military background, but their excellent service had not given them much wealth.

He was described by many as a pale and sickly child, but a child with a thirst for knowledge and gifted in leadership and military tactics. At the age of 14 Cortes attended the University of Salamanca in Spain which was one of the premier institutions at the time. He was given one of the best educations of that time.

Each had acquired great wealth and influence through opening trade routes to wealthy lands. In the case of Christopher Columbus he discovered a New World with a wealth of new natural resources to be traded.

A biography and life work of hernan cortes a spanish conquistador

His ambition to carry out the same coupled with his knowledge of the law would give him great success in the New World. The New World and Thirst for Glory Cortes planned to sail for Hispaniola with Nicolas de Ovando, but this plan was scrapped when Nicolas injured himself after committing adultery with a married woman.

Cortes then opted to sail to the New World as a colonist which he managed to do in at the age of He arrived in Santo Domingo and registered as a Spanish citizen. This enabled him to acquire a plot of land to farm. With the held of his legal background the governor of Hispaniola made him a notary which allowed him to establish himself as a leading citizen in that particular colony.

Cortes began to quickly rise up the chain of command when he gained favor with Diego Velazquez. Velazquez was appointed as governor of Cuba and made Cortes his clerk to the treasurer. Cortes impressed the governor so much that he was placed in a powerful political position in the colony.

Cortes pioneered many reforms for the colony and became extremely wealthy during this time. However, Velazquez became increasingly jealous of the talented Cortes.

Velazquez began to stand in the way of any advance in the career of Cortes. In response Cortes married his sister-in-law hoping to calm the angry governor and establish goodwill between the two. This seemed to work as Cortes remained in his position of influence until when he was put in command of an expedition to explore the interior of Mexico.

Upon arrival he came in contact with Geronimo de Aguilar who had survived a Spanish shipwreck and was prisoner of the natives. During this time he learned the Mayan language which allowed Cortes to communicate with the natives.

Hernan continued his advance into the interior of Mexico and recruited more soldiers and horses along the way. He soundly defeated them in battle and received twenty women among other things from the defeated natives. Cortes had now acquired a way to communicate with the great empire of Mexico.

It was from her that Cortes learned of the vast wealth of the Aztecs.Hernan Cortes de Monroy y Pizarro was born in in Medellin, western Spain, to infantry captain Martin Cortes de Monroy and Catalina Pizarro Altamirano.

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Hernan Cortes Facts: Early Life

Hernan Cortes's Early Life in Europe. Hernan Cortes was born in Spain in He was a smart kid, but also could be tough and get into trouble. Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the Austrian princess Maria Antonia, child bride of the future French King Louis XVI.

A biography and life work of hernan cortes a spanish conquistador

Their marriage was an attempt to bring about a major change in the balance of power in Europe and to undermine the influence of Prussia and Great Britain, but she had no say in the matter and was the pawn of her mother, the Empress Maria Theresa. Illustration of a typical Spanish Conquistador, was a conquistador in Venezuela and Colombia.

The Venetian Sebastiano Caboto was Sebastián Caboto, Georg von Speyer Hispanicised as Jorge de la In the Iberian peninsula, in a situation of constant conflict, warfare and daily life were strongly interlinked. Small, lightly equipped armies. 1st Marqués del Valle de Oaxaca.

Hernando Cortes or Hernán Cortés ( – December 2, ) was a Spanish conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec empire and brought large portions of mainland Mexico under the King of Castile, in the early 16th century.

History of Mexico - HISTORY