The Republic of Indonesia, the world's fourth most populous nation, has million people living on nearly one thousand permanently settled islands. Some two-to-three hundred ethnic groups with their own languages and dialects range in population from the Javanese about 70 million and Sundanese about 30 million on Java, to peoples numbering in the thousands on remote islands. The nature of Indonesian national culture is somewhat analogous to that of India—multicultural, rooted in older societies and interethnic relations, and developed in twentieth century nationalist struggles against a European imperialism that nonetheless forged that nation and many of its institutions.
According to Maori legend several large ocean going canoes waka arrived from the mythical home Hawaiki. The actual early settlement most likely occurred in waves over time.
Due to centuries of isolation from the rest of the world the Maori established a distinct society with distinctive art, a separate language, and unique mythology. The Maori people are also known for their unique tattoos.
For more information on Maori tattoos see Maori Tattooing. On this page you will find interesting information about the different periods in Maori historyhow European colonialism effected the Maori, and when their first contact with Europeans was.
Archaic Period The early settlement period of new Zealand is called the Archaic period. During this initial period, which lasted to approximately AD, the Maori established many small settlements along the coast and some temporary smaller settlements inland.
These settlements average population was three to four hundred people. The early Maori settler's main food were seals and a large flightless bird called the Moa which were hunted to extinction. The early settlers did not call themselves Maori until the arrival of Europeans in New Zealand.
At this time they needed a name to mark their distinction from the new comers. The name Maori which means ordinary came into use. The early Maori were very peaceful in comparison to the later generations of the Classic Period.
Major events ushered in this period.
These events included a cooling of the environment, tsunamis that destroyed many costal settlements, the extinction of several species used for food especially the moaand large earthquakes on New Zealand's south island. This period saw a warfare culture emerge with many battles between tribes.
These battles were fought hand-to-hand with deadly and efficient Maori weapons. Each battle was usually preceded by a war dance called the Haka meant to intimidate the enemy.
These forts often used natural barriers rivers, swamps on one or more sides. This period also saw beautiful wood carvings and bone and greenstone ornaments of all types. These ornaments had distinctive shapes all of which held a special meaning. In the late eighteenth century the Maori increasingly had encounters with sealers and whalers from America and Europe.
They also encountered Christian missionaries, deserters from ships, and escaped convicts from Australia. In the Maori killed sixty-six sailors and passengers which was probably for revenge of the whipping of a Maori chief's son. Survivors told stories of cannibalism carried out on the unfortunate victims.
This became known as the Boyd Massacre and it greatly reduced contact with Europeans for many years. By many Europeans were living among the indigenous people of New Zealand.
Diseases such as measles and influenza brought over by the Europeans killed large numbers of Maori. The Europeans also brought over a new weapon, the musket, which was highly sought after by tribes and shifted the balance of power among these tribes.
European Colonialism Due to the increasing number of Europeans in New Zealand and the lawlessness thought to exist there Queen Victoria of England, by royal proclamation, annexed New Zealand in January In FebruaryHobson negotiated the Treaty of Waitangi which some Maori chiefs signed, and others soon signed.
However, some powerful chiefs refused to sign. In return for accepting some form of British government the Treaty of Waitangi gave the Maori rights of British subjects and guaranteed tribal autonomy and property rights.The arrival of the Maori people to New Zealand is deemed as somewhat of a mystery.
It is estimated that the first Polynesians arrived over years ago, possibly around AD or even earlier. Linguistic and cultural evidence suggests that the Maori travelled originally from the Cook Islands – an enormous feat at that time considering the. New Zealand, Maori Aotearoa, island country in the South Pacific Ocean, the southwesternmost part of alphabetnyc.com Zealand is a remote land—one of the last sizable territories suitable for habitation to be populated and settled—and lies more than 1, miles (1, km) southeast of Australia, its nearest alphabetnyc.com country comprises two main islands—the North and South islands—and a.
The Maori are the indigenous people of New Zealand. They are Polynesian and make up 15 percent of the country's population. Te Reo Maori is their native language which is related to Tahitian and Hawaiian.
Polynesian culture, the beliefs and practices of the indigenous peoples of the ethnogeographic group of Pacific Islands known as Polynesia (from Greek poly ‘many’ and nēsoi ‘islands’).
Polynesia encompasses a huge triangular area of the east-central Pacific alphabetnyc.com triangle has its apex at the Hawaiian Islands in the north and its base angles at New Zealand (Aotearoa) in the west. The culture of New Zealand is essentially a Western culture influenced by the unique environment and geographic isolation of the islands, and the cultural input of the indigenous Māori and the various waves of multi-ethnic migration which followed the British colonisation of New Zealand..
Polynesian explorers reached the islands between and CE.. Over the ensuing centuries of. The word Maori means the indigenous people of New Zealand as well as their language but there are lots of debates about maori culture people of new zealand. The ancestors from the Maori were a Polynesian people caused by south-east Asia.