Metabolic Pathway Reconstruction Role assignment Extract metabolic pathways from genomes Navigation and analysis Pathway editing Metabolic Assignments:
Expression of genetic information: Regulation of mRNA stability — capping, polyadenylation, pre-mRNA splicing, formation of commitment complex, creation of catalytic sites, trans-esterification reactions, mRNA surveillance. Centrifugation — Basic Principle of Centrifugation, Instrumentation of Ultracentrifuge Preparative, AnalyticalFactors affecting Sedimentation velocity, Standard Sedimentation Coefficient, Centrifugation of associating systems, Rate-Zonal centrifugation, sedimentation equilibrium Centrifugation.
Absorption Spectroscopy — Simple theory of the absorption of light by molecules, Beer-Lambert law, Instrumentation for measuring the absorbance of visible light, Factors affecting the absorption properties of An analysis of polymorphic and cloning computer viruses Chromophore.
Origin of life on Earth - The theory of Extraterrestrial contact - import of life through meteorites.
Theory of Chemical Evolution, Primitive Earth Conditions - anoxic reductive atmosphere, relatively high temperature, Volcanic eruption, radioactivity, high frequency UV radiation. Abiotic formation of sugars, amino acids, organic acids, purines, pyrimidines, glycerol and formation of nucleotides and their polymerization to RNA on reactive Surfaces, polymerization of amino acids to Polypeptides and Proteins.
Ribozymes and RNA World. Biogenesis of Cellular organelles — Biosynthesis of mitochondria, chloroplast, ER, Golgi complex; Biosynthetic process in ER and golgi apparatus; Protein synthesis and folding in the cytoplasm; Degradation of cellular components.
Water and ion transport, mesosomes, flagella, Pilus, fimbriae, ribosomes, carboxysomes, sulfur granules, glycogen, polyphosphate bodies, fat bodies, gas vesicles; endospores, exospores, cysts.
Mycelia of fungi and Actinomycetes, Cytoskeleton filament, heterocysts and akinets of Cyanobacteria, Gliding and motility. Determinant, Matrix, Rank of Matrices by Diagonalisation method. Microscopy — Light microscopy: Image analysis of different classes of Microbes. Preparation of Microbial media bacteria, yeast, mold, algae, protozoa 5 Periods 4.
Estimation of protein by Folin Lowry method 3 Periods 2. Determination of Km and V max of amylase. Determination of Iodine number of a fat 3 Periods 5.
Estimation of DNA by diphenyl amine method 3 Periods 7. Testing of Blood Sugar 3 Periods 9. Classification of Microbes - Systems of classification, Numerical taxonomy, Identifying characters for classification, General properties and principles of classification of microorganisms Systematics of bacteria, Nutritional types [Definition and examples].
Classification on the basis of oxygen requirement. Concept of Sterilization - Definition of sterilization, dry and moist heat, pasteurization, tyndalization; radiation, ultrasonication, filtration. Physical and Chemical methods of sterilization; disinfection sanitization, antisepsis sterilants and fumigation.
computer and then uses it to launch an untraceable attack Polymorphic virus: mutates with every infection making detection by “signature” impossible analysis machines. 05/01/06 Hofstra University – Network Security Course, CSCA 39 Digital Immune System. 05/01/ Polymorphic & Cloning Computer Viruses - Polymorphic & Cloning Computer Viruses The generation of today is growing up in a fast-growing, high-tech world which allows us to do the impossibilities of yesterday. examined are price, user-friendliness, hardware, customizability, variety, and future outlook of the companies. After analysis we. epidemiology of cassava mosaic disease and molecular characterization of cassava mosaic viruses and their associated whitefly (bemisia tabaci) vector in south africa kenneth gaza mabasa.
Determination of phenol coefficient of disinfectant. Stains and staining techniques — Definition of auxochromechromophores, dyes, Classification of stains, Theories of staining, Mechanism of gram staining, acid fast staining, negative staining, capsule staining, flagella staining, endospore staining.
Microbes in Extreme Environment — Nature, special features of the thermophilic, methanogenic and halophilic Archaea; photosynthetic bacteria, Cyanobacteria some Archaea who live in extreme conditions like cold, and space. Pathogenic Microorganisms — List of common bacterial, fungal and viral diseases of human beings [Name of the disease, causative pathogen, parts affected] 4 Periods 7.
Basic concepts of Virology - General characteristics of viruses, differences between bacteria and viruses. Mapping, Composite mapping, with simple examples. Its definition, Convergence, Types of sequences, Simple examples of finding limits of simple sequences.
Power Series - Its definition, Convergence, radius convergence. Prokaryotic Genomes - Physical organization of bacterial genomes Structure of the bacterial nucleoid, Replication and partitioning of the bacterial genome and Genome of Archaea.
Mechanism of genetic exchange: Plasmid and bacterial sex, Types of plasmids F Plasmid: Molecular Mechanism of gene regulation in prokaryotes - Transcriptional regulation in prokaryotes inducible and repressible system, positive regulation and negative regulation ; Operon concept — lac, trp, Ara operons.
Stages in the Lytic Life Cycle of a typical phage, Properties of a phage infected bacterial culture, Specificity in phage infection, E. Plaque Formation and Phage Mutants, Genetic recombition in the lytic cycle, concept of recon, muton, cistron.
Growth Hormones - Plant cells Composition of culture media, Growth hormones, Vitamins, Unidentified supplements, selection of media ; Animal cells substrate on which cells grow, Feeder layer on substrate, gas phase for tissue culture, media and supplements.
Plant Tissue Culture applications — micropropagation, from Callus to plant, somatic embryogenesis, somaclonal variation, valuable germplasm, chemicals from plants, genetically engineered plants. Applications of Plant Genetic Engineering — crop improvement, herbicide resistance, insect resistance, virus resistance, plants as bioreactors.
Genetic modification in Agriculture — transgenic plants, genetically modified foods, application, future applications, ecological impact of transgenic plants.
Genetic modification in Food industry — background, history, controversies over risks, application, future applications.
Antigen-Antibody reactions — Agglutination Blood grouping testing. Antibody titration Ouchterlony Double Diffusion.Avalanche Workbench is a visual data analysis & DNA sequence data mining tool for biologists. It offers a visual graphic interface through which you can search (eSearch, eLink, eSummary, eFetch) biology databases such as NCBI or get visual access to sequence processing tools/servers.
Essay Polymorphic & Cloning Computer Viruses The generation of today is growing up in a fast-growing, high-tech world which allows us to do the impossibilities of yesterday. With the help of modern telecommunications and the rapid growth of the personal computer in the average household we are able to talk to and share information with people from .
The Human Genome Project: The Human Genome Project Mapping and Sequencing the Genomes of Model Organisms Data Collection and Distribution Ethical, Legal, and Social Considerations Research Training Technology Development Technology Transfer.
Aug 20, · As indicated, the predictive power of the analysis is increased by the extent of linkage between a particular polymorphic allele and a particular characteristic. Similarly, the predictive power of the analysis can be increased by simultaneously analyzing the allele EPB TXT EPNN 0 T (s of.
BioMed Central Page 1 of 16 Virology Journal Research Open Access Infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) isolated from the ISA disease outbreaks in Chile diverged from ISAV isolates from influenza viruses but is sufficiently different to be assigned to its own genus, Isavirus.
At Least One Class I Gene in Restriction Fragment Pattern-Y (Rfp-Y), the Second MHC Gene Cluster in the Chicken, Is Transcribed, Polymorphic, and Shows Divergent Specialization in .