A lawsuit may help you recover damages after serious injuries. The synthetic substance is typically created in a laboratory setting, and it was first procured in by German scientists. In recreational circles, users call it ecstasy. Slang terms for the substance include Molly, the Love Drug and simply E.
Medically reviewed on Oct 1, by L. Anderson, PharmD Common or street names: Ecstasy MDMA ,3,4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine is a synthetic, psychoactive drug chemically similar to the stimulant methamphetamine and the hallucinogen mescaline. It is an illegal drug that acts as both a stimulant and psychedelic, producing an energizing effect, as well as distortions in time and perception and enhanced enjoyment from tactile experiences.
Its primary effects are in the brain on neurons that use the chemical serotonin to communicate with other neurons. The serotonin system plays an important role in regulating mood, aggression, sexual activity, sleep, and sensitivity to pain.
Research in animals indicates that this drug, also referred to as MDMA or Molly, is neurotoxic; whether or not this is also true in humans is under investigation. It's effect on cognition and memory is a concern.
The drug can also be lethal on rare occasions. Effects of Ecstasy Use Chronic users of ecstasy perform more poorly than nonusers on certain types of cognitive or memory tasks.
Some of these effects may be due to the use of other drugs in combination with ecstasy, among other factors. Research indicates heavy ecstasy use may cause persistent memory problems in humans, although studies are conflicting.
In high doses, ecstasy can interfere with the body's ability to regulate temperature. On rare but unpredictable occasions, this can lead to a sharp increase in body temperature hyperthermiaresulting in liver, kidney, and cardiovascular system failure, and death.
Because it can interfere with its own metabolism breakdown within the bodypotentially harmful levels can be reached by repeated drug use within short intervals.
Users face many of the same risks as users of other stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamines. These include increases in heart rate and blood pressure, a special risk for people with circulatory problems or heart disease, and other symptoms such as muscle tension, involuntary teeth clenching, nausea, blurred vision, faintness, and chills or sweating.
Psychological effects can include confusion, depression, sleep problems, drug craving, and severe anxiety. These problems can occur during and for days or weeks after taking ecstasy. Research in animals links ecstasy exposure to long-term damage in neurons that are involved in mood, thinking, and judgment.
A study in nonhuman primates showed that exposure to the compound for only 4 days caused damage to serotonin nerve terminals that was evident 6 to 7 years later.
While similar neurotoxicity has not been definitively shown in humans, the wealth of animal research on damaging properties suggests that the chemical is not a safe drug for human consumption.
Hidden Risks and Contaminants: Other drugs chemically similar to ecstasy, such as MDA methylenedioxyamphetamine, the parent drug of ecstasy and PMA paramethoxyamphetamine, associated with fatalities in the U. These drugs can be neurotoxic or create additional health risks to the user.
Ecstasy tablets may be further contaminated with other substances in addition to MDMA, such as: While the use of this agent by itself or with one or more of these drugs may be inherently dangerous, users might also unknowingly combine them with substances such as marijuana and alcohol, putting themselves at further physical risk.
In the Monitoring the Future Study: Trends in Prevalence of MDMA, people age 18 to 25 years had the greatest use of all ages surveyed at 3. MDMA use was also combined with psychotherapy sessions. A month after the second session, a greater percentage in the high-dose groups no longer met diagnostic criteria for PTSD, compared with the low-dose group.Heroin.
Studies have found that ecstasy tablets contain multiple substances in addition to MDMA. Some of these substances included caffeine, ketamine, methamphetamine, PCP, cocaine and . What is MDMA (Molly) or Ecstasy MDMA is a man-made chemical that people consume at parties. The synthetic substance is typically created in a laboratory setting, and it was first procured in by German scientists. The recreational drug ecstasy, also known as “XTC” or“E,” Adam, Clarity, or Essence, is widely used by young people throughout the United States and Western Europe. The drug is an amphetamine derivative, with the pharmacologic name 3,4-methylenedioxymeth-amphetamine(MDMA).
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then being diagnosed as psychotic Aps presidir por trs an introduction to the life with a severe disability. - Ecstasy is one of the street names for MDMA (the chemical name is N-Methyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine).
MDMA is an amphetaminelike drug with hallucinogenic properties. People taking the drug get a sense of increased energy, euphoria and a curious feeling of empathy. Dangers of Ecstasy Ecstasy is a very popular drug of choice among adolescent and young adult party-goers not just in the United States but globally.
It first appeared for recreational use in the 80's when raves, weekend long dance parties, were popular. The recreational drug ecstasy, also known as “XTC” or“E,” Adam, Clarity, or Essence, is widely used by young people throughout the United States and Western Europe.
The drug is an amphetamine derivative, with the pharmacologic name 3,4-methylenedioxymeth-amphetamine(MDMA). When people start to use ecstasy in excess, there is an increased rate of depression and anxiety, even after quitting the drug.
Though the long-term effects of ecstasy are still hard to define, early studies suggest that ecstasy reduces the concentration of serotonin transporters in the brain.
Confirmation by more recent studies of the danger of ecstasy came from an article published in the journal Psychopharmacology, BBC reported June