Oberstufe beispiel essay Documentation essay papers metal intensity in comparative. This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Comparative Perspective on Organized Crime Essay Sample Introduction For Comparative crime essay doc than one century, there has been a lot of speculation regarding the flourishing of organized crime groups in the world.
Organized crime has been prevalent in the United States especially in the second half of the 20th century. However, it was not until the s that the United States government acquired insight information regarding the operations of organized crime groups and their transnational operation.
Organized crime groups are well structured groups, with strict recruitment requirements. Organized crime groups are not just any other criminal group but they exist for a purpose and members are expected to adhere to strict rules and maintain high secrecy. The earlier investigative research into the activities of criminal groups had convinced the law enforcers and the media that organized crime in the country was controlled by a single monolithic group which was composed of members with Italian descent.
However, increased research into the activities of organized crime group by scholars like Abadinsky and many other reveal that there are different groups which falls under ethnic and transnational groups which operate together or apart.
Research has also revealed that organized crime groups usually operate hand in hand in liaison with legitimate business and political groups. This paper will discuss the similarities and diversity of organized crime groups.
The earlier understanding of organized crime as based on the revelation that was made to congressional hearing and Presidential task forces in s to s which made Americans believe that organized crime was based on mafia life style.
Many scholars therefore argued that one would understand the operation of organized crime groups through understanding of Cosa Nostra, which is an Italian mafia group. The paper will compare and contrast the two criminal groups in terms of their organization and operation.
Sicilian Mafia La Cosa Nostra Sicilian mafia is one of the extensively studied organized crime groups in the history of the United States. Also know as Cosa Nostra, Sicilian Mafia is more than an organized crime group and it has been described as a society of criminals with Italian roots.
This is an association of criminal groups who have a common organization structure and a similar code of conduct. In their groups there are different families or clans which are referred to as Cosca who claims the sovereignty of a particular territory where it carries out its activities Dickie, The formation of the groups traces its roots in Sicily Island in Italy.
However the operation of the group in United States is not exactly known when it started but its activities remained unknown, though suspicious to the authority Abadinsky, Joseph Valachi is considered to have opened the government eyes to the operation of organized crime groups in the United States.
Although there has been controversy regarding the real use of this name, it is generally agreed that Mafioso used the name to identify to each other Dickie, The Sicilian mafia have however been identified by other names including honored society, and others. Tommaso Buscetta who was also a mafiso revealed to prosecutors that the group has hierarchical structure which is common in every clan Abadinsky, The boss has under his command a crew of more than 10 clan soldiers.
Apart from the clan members, the clan also works with close associates who include corrupt government officials and other prospective clam members Dickie, There is the Sicily group boss who heads all bosses from each clan.
In the history of the group some of the most powerful bosses have been Calogero Vizzini, Salvatore Riina, Bernado Provenzano, and others. Abadinsky described the structural organization of American mafia as a patrimonial or patron-client model which is based on the strong bonds which brings the organization together.
Under this model, the patron provides aid and protection and client is turned to a loyal respected member. Individual members of the group are supposed to adhere to a strict code of rules. The Sicilian police unearthed a code of conduct made of ten rules which stipulated what is expected of every Mafioso.
Before joining the group, prospective Mafiosi are taken through initiation ceremony to test their obedience, ability, ruthlessness, and other characters required of a Mafioso.
For those who transgress this code, the penalty is death which may extend to relatives. In some place, this code is imposed to the general population and the same penalty applies The Sicilian mafias engage in a wide range of activities locally and internationally. The group charge protection money to business operating in its area of jurisdiction Dickie, The group is also actively involved in drug trafficking.
The group is also involved in arms trafficking, loan sharking, and control of contracts. The group traces its origin in Medellin in Columbia Thoumi, Like Cosa Nostra, Medellin Cartel also operated in other continents specifically in Europe in the s and s Abadinsky, Pablo, Escobar was born to a son of a peasant farmer in He grew up in a suburb of city of Medellin in Colombia.
He began his criminal life as a teenager dealing with car thief in Medellin streets of Columbia. Through Medellin Cartel Pablo became one of the richest men in the world through drug smuggling from Columbia to other countries and most important in the United States.
Unlike the Cosa Nostra, it was easy to identify the activities of Medellin Cartels since the group did not have a high code of secrecy. While Mafiosi in Cosa Nostra were supposed to obey to a strict code of conduct, Medellin Cartels was made of few drug dealers who came together to protect and expand their territory of operation.The modern world has placed its hopes in internationalism and therein no doubt its future lies.
Now, in an international environment, man’s rights can only be on what is universal, on ideas capable of bringing together men of all races. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
Criminology Law & Legal Definition Criminology is defined as the scientific study of crime, criminal behavior and law enforcement. Criminology studies crime, how society responds to crimes and how crime can be alphabetnyc.comology examines the psychological, hereditary and environmental causes of crime.
It also examines the modes of criminal investigation and conviction. Individual Assignment: Crime Data Comparison Paper. Utilize FBI Uniform Crime Report data and select one offense, such as burglary, in two metropolitan areas.
A police force is a constituted body of persons empowered by a state to enforce the law, to protect people and property, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.
Their powers include the power of arrest and the legitimized use of alphabetnyc.com term is most commonly associated with police services of a sovereign state that are authorized to exercise the police power of that state within a defined. + free ebooks online. Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day?
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