Understanding the functions, ie functions of guidance and counseling to help counselees to have an understanding of his potential and environment education, occupation, and religious norms. Based on this understanding, the counselee should be able to develop her potential in an optimal fashion, and adapt itself to the environment in a dynamic and constructive. Preventive functions, ie functions relating to the counselor's efforts to continually anticipate the various problems that may occur and try to block it, in order not experienced by counselee. Through this function, counselor to the counselee gives guidance on how to refrain from actions or activities that would harm himself.
June 26, Definitions of guidance Guidance is a process through with an individual is able to solve their problems and pursue a path suited to their abilities and aspirations. Hamrin and Erikson Meaning of guidance Guidance is all round assistance to individual in all aspect of his or her development.
It makes use of the science of psychology to determine the attitude, interestintelligence, personality and the discipline of the education for providing right and suitable assistance. It has the characteristic of It is a process of helping or assisting an individual to solve their problems.
It help them to identify where to go, what to do and how to do for post accomplishment of their goals. It Functions of guidance a continuous process which start right from childhoodadolescence and continues over in old age.
It is assistance to the individual in the process of development rather than direction of that development. It is a service meant for all: Guidance is an organized service not in incidental activity of the school.
Guidance is more an art than science. Guidance is centered around the needs and aspiration of students. Guidance service which are aimed at bringing about desirable adjustments in any particular area of experience must take in to account, the all round development of the individual. Although all human beings are similar in many respect, individual difference must be recognized and considered in any effort aimed at providing help or guidance to a particular child.
The functions of the guidance is to help a person Formulate and accept stimulatingworthwhile and attainable goals of behavior Apply the goals to conduct his behavior.
Existing social, economic and politic unrest is giving rise to many maladaptive factors that require the cooperation of experienced and thoroughly trained guidance workers and the individuals with the problem. Guidance should be regarded as a continuing process of service to an individual from young childhood through adulthood.
Guidance service should not be limited to the few who give observable evidence of its need, but should be extended to the all person of all ages who can benefit there from either directly or indirectly. Curriculum materials and teaching procedure should evidence a guidance point of view.
Parents and teachers have guidance appointed responsibilities. To administer guidance intelligently and with as thorough knowledge of the individual as is possibleprograms of individual evaluation should be conducted and accurate consultative records of progress should made accessible to guidance workers.
An organized guidance programme should be flexible according to the individual and social needs. The responsibilities for administration of guidance programme should be centered in a personally qualified and adequately trained person, working cooperatively with his assistance and other community welfare and guidance agencies.
Periodical appraisal should be made for existing guidance programmes. Specific guidance problems on any age level should be referred to persons who are trained to deal with particular areas of adjustment.
Difference between guidance and counseling Guidance is mainly preventive and developmental where as counseling is remedial as well as preventive and developmental. Intellectual attitudes are the raw material of guidance but emotional rather than pure intellectual attitude are the raw materials of counseling process.
In guidance decision making operable at intellectual level, where as in counseling it operate at emotional level. In educational context, counseling service is one among various service offered by guidance programme.
Functions of guidance and counseling Guidance and counseling have three fold functions namely adjustmentalorientataional and development. Adjustmental They help the student in making the best possible adjustment to the current situation in the educational institution in the home and the community.
It enable the student to accept the things which they cannot change in life and differentiate what they can change and cannot change in life.
Orientational They orient the student in the problem of cancer planning, educational programming and direction towards long term personal aims and values. Developmental It is concerned with helping the people to achieve self development and self realization. Need of guidance and counseling The need for guidance and counseling can be summarize as To help is the total development of the students.
To arise students in leading a healthy life by abstaining from whatever is deterious to health. To help the proper selection of educational programme.
To select career according to their interest and abilities. To help students in vocational development. To develop readiness for change and to face challenges.
To help freshers to establish proper written. To identify and motivate students of the weaker society. To help the students to overcome the period of turmoil and confusions.functions of guidance The followings functions of counseling may be effective for any particular employee of an organization Advice 2.
Reassurance (confidence and courage) 3. Communication (upward) 4. Release of emotional tension 5. Clarified thinking 6. Historical Development of Guidance and Counselling in the Ancient Time Unit 4: Guidance and Counselling in American Education Unit 5: Guidance and Counselling in Nigeria UNIT 1: WHAT IS GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING?
Career awareness, exploration and planning services, including goal setting and . Nov 14, · 4. Development functions, ie functions of guidance and counseling that is more proactive than other functions. Counselor strives to create a conducive learning environment, which facilitates the development of the counselee.
Understanding guidance dikemukan by Chiskolm that guidance to help individuals understand themselves, understanding focuses on understanding the potential of self-owned."Tutoring is an activity that aims to increase the personal realization of every individual" (Bernard & Fullmer, ).