The Ministry of Health aims to develop better ways to improve the access, quality and affordability of elderly care. Rising demand for healthcare will necessitate the continued enforcement of cost-containment measures.
This ageing population trend is being made worse by the inevitable retirement of the so-called baby boom generation over the coming decades. Those born at this time are now beginning to reach retirement age and are set to have a dramatic effect on the people, society and the economy of Britain.
There are currently 4 people of working age supporting each pensioner in Britain, by this number is expected to fall to 2.
This ageing of populations is a global phenomenon, being witnessed not only in Britain but in such developed countries as Italy, Spain, Germany and Japan. How will the NHS deal with the rapid growth of older people in Britain?
A main concern is that with the retirement of the baby boomers, the number of people of a working, taxable age will shrink or become stagnant.
This could result in gaps in the jobs market, with businesses and public services lacking the workforce required. With the elderly being the fastest growing age group in Britain, increasing pressure is being put on healthcare and social services.
In a speech on NHS reforms in Januarythe Prime Minister Gordon Brown discussed a change of emphasis to prevention rather than cure, and the need to ensure the NHS benefits from new and innovative technologies.
Personal savings is another potential dilemma; societies must save to be able to allocate funds for investment for the future, in such things as factories, offices, transportation, schools, energy and hospitals.
What are the causes? Rising longevity — people are living longer thanks to improvements in health, diet and preventative health care. During the 20th century the average life expectancy in Britain increased by 30 years. Women in UK are currently having 1.
The effect of the global economic crisis The recent economic crisis and the downturn in the global economy has come at a particularly difficult time, affecting older citizens dependent on their own resources. It also risks delaying a comprehensive policy to managing the ageing of our society.
For individuals, the issues focus on the shortfall of retirement savings; the financial crisis is damaging equity and house values, and the collapse of interest rates in Britain is affecting those who had chosen to save over the past decades.
For society, a main concern is the provision of health and social care services, the nature of work and the workplace, and the investment made in education and lifetime skill formation. These all require further funding, whether from the tax system, other public expenditure savings, public-private initiatives or economic growth.
For the economy, the challenge is to generate growth and financial resources needed to meet age-related spending needs.
The rescue of the banking system has dramatically increased public debt. The question now is how will we cope with paying the bill for age-related spending? This demographic change offers opportunities to harness the experience, expertise and creativity of such an historically large number of older people.
It is however, essential that now the best economic, social and political structures are developed to avoid a catastrophe. Tapping into a wider pool of talent, experience and skills enables businesses to increase productivity, build competitive advantage and improve the bottom line.
Increasing the age of retirement is a politically and socially controversial policy. The UK government looks set to introduce this in the near future. Under current government policy, the state pension age for women will gradually rise from 60 to 65 between and For both men and women it will rise further, from 65 to 68, between and Many people seem to favour this option, provided that their employers contribute as well.
Another option is to encourage higher labour force participation. In developed economies, a high percentage of men of working age tend to work, however participation rates are relatively lower for women and older workers aged It examines the interrelations between European government policies and demographic trends and behaviour, and assesses which policies can prevent or mitigate the adverse consequences of current low fertility and population ageing.
The reasons for the aging of the population of Japan are many: as already mentioned, Japanese people maintain the longest life expectancy in the world 6 as well as one of the lowest.
Aug 26, · Solutions to managing an ageing population The best way to manage an ageing population. Q1.
(Social Studies O Level ) Q2. The best way for Singapore to manage an ageing/greying population is. to encourage individual responsibility. How far do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer. Well-managed (ageing pop). Oct 26, · The population is expected to fall by million in the s, million in the s and 9 million in the s — meaning a drop-off larger than the population of Tokyo every two decades.
Japan’s ageing society and diminishing birth rate are also of concern.
Singapore’s aging population and the lack of social support? On a statistical front, Singapore’s elderly as a percentage of the population is expected to rise from the current 11% to 20% by while the average spent on healthcare per person is expected to rise by more than % from the current US$8, per person to US$37, Population aging will likely lead to declining labor forces, lower fertility, and an increase in the age dependency ratio, the ratio of working-age to old-age individuals.
To illustrate, while there were 10 workers for every person older than 64 in the world in , the expected number in is only four ; it will even be less than two in some European .