The number of bicycles and cycle rickshaws in the city are estimated at 1.
Regulation to Allow for the Destruction of Counterfeit Goods Newsletters Intellectual Property Italy Indicam, the Italian Anti-Counterfeiting Association, recently lobbied for and obtained an amendment to the latest Italian Finance Law, which should lead to the passing of a government regulation enabling and encouraging enforcement agencies the various branches of the police, the Guardia di Finanza and local authorities to carry out criminal law seizures against street traders on a more frequent basis by eliminating the problem of long-term storage following seizure operations.
The Italian Finance Budget Law Law of December 28 provides for the enactment within 90 days of the passing of the Finance Law of a government regulation which would provide for the immediate destruction of counterfeit goods seized from street traders.
The relevant section Article 49 d provides for "the destruction of all counterfeit goods confiscated from unauthorized vendors selling in public areas, with the exception of sample goods for use in legal proceedings".
Although the existing Italian criminal law provisions adequately protect against counterfeiting, with measures to allow on-the-spot police seizures, the difficulty has always been what to do with the goods thereafter.
Under current provisions, law enforcement agencies are not permitted to destroy goods seized until a final decision on the merits has been issued by the courts.
This can often take many months, if not years, particularly if defendants decide to take advantage of the criminal appeal system, which may allow both first and second instance appeals.
This has meant that while proceedings are pending, goods have had to be placed in storage. Apart from the issue of finding sufficient long-term storage space, the storage charges levied put an additional burden on already limited public funds, and in practice are thought to have been one factor deterring enforcement agencies from taking more vigilant action against the increasing number of street traders selling imitation goods in Italy.
Through the enactment of the regulation the problems relating to storage and related costs will disappear, making actual destruction the only task to be carried out following confiscation. Should the regulation come into force in the near future, it will be necessary for the interested parties to take active steps to raise awareness with the enforcement bodies in order to ensure that these bodies take full advantage of the right to destroy counterfeit products and consequently carry out more seizures against street vendors than is presently the case.
The benefits of the provisions are obvious: In general, the public sees little or no police action being taken against the numerous street vendors, and has come to consider the sale of counterfeit goods on the streets as an acceptable, quasi-legitimate business activity.
However, even if the regulation is promptly enacted ie, within the day deadline - and this is by no means certain, particularly given the changing winds of Italian politics - street traders represent only one relatively small channel through which counterfeit goods are sold, and are probably only the tip of the iceberg in the Italian counterfeiting world.
It is not the street vendors who are at the root of the problem, but rather large-scale criminal operations which invest in the manufacture, distribution and sale of counterfeiting goods - often through monies obtain from other illicit trading.
If effective action is to be taken, enforcement agencies will have to give higher priority to the fight against counterfeiting, striking with the criminal provisions already in place at those offenders substantially higher up the counterfeiting distribution chain.
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Home» Resource OFAC recommends that you talk to your counterparts in other banks about the systems they have in place and contact vendors for an assessment of your needs.
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Resource Center. Home» Resource OFAC recommends that you talk to your counterparts in other banks about the systems they have in place and contact vendors for an assessment of your needs.
In many cases you may get a "false positive," where the name is similar to a target's name, but the rest of the information provided by the.
Sep 18, · This includes street vendors (Permit Betty), buskers and anyone who is hanging out in the neighborhood but not looking to purchase anything. Laws against sitting on the sidewalk and other such laws are always discriminately enforced, specifically with the goal of removing people, who are not wanted, from public spaces.
We are removing all of the jewelry from sale while we investigate its compliance with our children's jewelry standard," Walmart said. Employee and labor As a large customer to most of its vendors, Walmart openly uses its bargaining power to bring lower prices to attract its customers.
but to have had only a limited impact on relative. The Positive Impact of Removing Unauthorized Street Vendors ( words, 2 pages) As many of the street vendors are selling their goods in the area that are not really appropriated like a sidewalk, along with the street or under the pedestrian bridge.